In the early morning on a sailor onboard the Pinta, one of three ships under the command of Christopher Columbus, spotted an island in the Bahamas.
Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy, in 1451. He took to the sea by the age of 14 and by the age of 33 he was a master mariner, traveling as far as Iceland and Guinea. In August 1492, with the backing of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabela, Columbus sailed west from Spain with three ships: the Niña, Pinta, and Santa Maria. At 2a.m. on October 12, 1492, Rodrigo de Triana, a sailor onboard the Pinta, spotted land. It was an island in the chain of islands currently known as the Bahamas.
This island is very large and very level and has very green trees and many waters and a very large lake in the centre, without any mountain, and all so green that it is a pleasure to behold it.
Christopher Columbus, from the log of his first voyage to the New World
Columbus's voyage continued on to Cuba and then Hispaniola, where the Santa Maria sank off the coast and Columbus founded a small settlement called La Navidad. In January of the following year, Columbus set off on the return voayage, arriving back in Spain in the middle of March. Columbus made 3 more voyages to the New World, visiting Jamaica, Dominica, Trinidad, and - during his final voyage - the Mosquito Coast in modern Nicaragua.